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 In the last few days, thousands of Indian farmers stormed Delhi, clashed with police, and stormed the historic Red Fort, during Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to the Republic Day exhibition in a nearby country. At least 67 people have died in farmers' protests, which have been going on for almost three months against a set of new farm rules.

At the heart of these impressive laws and protests that they have provoked - in fact, at the heart of India's agricultural economy itself - is mandi.

Delhi Azadpur Mandi, Asia's largest market for vegetables and fruits, packed daily with tens of thousands of bags of potatoes and onions, hillocks, pumpkins, and more. Only licensed retailers are allowed to buy mandis, and in general, the government will commit to purchasing all shares of basic commodities such as wheat and rice at a fixed price - a minimum support amount.

The contract is 100 years old. It came at a time when India was so concerned about the safety of its food supply, as well as the welfare of its farmers, that it felt compelled to control the market. In 1966, during a decade caused by drought and famine, the government purchased 10 million tons of food aid from the United States.

India has dealt with this in part with the help of new breeders, pesticides and fertilizers, but also with active management and funding of agriculture, according to the statistician. Last year, India produced 105 million tons of wheat and exported about 1.8 million tons of its products - very different from the 1966 emergency imports.

But apparently, there is still a violation of Indian agriculture. At least a dozen farmers commit suicide each day, and the cause is often financial worries. About 70% of Indian farmers are small landowners, with less than 2.5 hectares of land, and a fifth of them live below the poverty line.

At the same time, government warehouses are full of all the grain they have pledged to buy - to the point that they have to rent private warehouses to maintain it, and thousands of tons to rot without being distributed. Indian exports are competitive, and imports have skyrocketed. This inefficiency reflects the inefficiency of the government itself, so when economists seek change in agriculture, they urge the state to reduce its role in agriculture.

At the top, this seems to be a competition for economic ideas: how much should the government make, how much should the market be free, what the Indian capital wants to be. But legislation on Modi's state farm and the subsequent protest about their proposed changes also showed that the economy - as before - was politically motivated.